When it comes to orthodontic appliances, many people think that braces can only push teeth towards the palate. However, braces can also pull teeth out towards the lips. This is made possible by a shape-memory wire arc, which is made of nickel-titanium and can pull teeth forward. The wire bends to attach to the tooth support, but over time it returns to its original U-shape, bringing the tooth forward.
Braces can move teeth both horizontally and vertically, although horizontal tooth movement is much more common. If a patient has a deep bite, in which the upper teeth overlap the lower teeth, or if one of the patient's teeth is longer than it should be, using braces to move the teeth vertically can correct these dental problems. A misaligned jaw is a malocclusion best described when the upper and lower teeth don't fit together comfortably. The pressure from an abnormal bite can wear down tooth enamel, which can cause enamel surfaces to thin and break. Orthodontic appliances can move the upper jaw forward or backward to help the teeth. In severe cases, jaw surgery may be required as recommended by the orthodontist.
Most of the malocclusions that braces can fix can also put you at risk of injury if you play sports or if you continuously cause abnormal tooth wear. Invisible braces don't require you to schedule monthly appointments with an orthodontist to make adjustments, as you simply replace existing braces on your teeth with a new batch. When braces move a tooth to the right, the ligament on the right compresses and new bone forms on the left to fill the space. In addition to correcting misaligned jaws and deep bites, braces can also be used to correct crooked teeth and gaps between teeth. By applying gentle pressure over time, braces can gradually move your teeth into their desired positions.
This process takes several months or even years depending on how severe your misalignment is. During this time, you will need to visit your orthodontist regularly for checkups and adjustments. Braces are an effective way to correct misaligned jaws and deep bites, but they are not without risks. If not properly cared for, braces can cause gum irritation and even damage your teeth. It's important to follow your orthodontist's instructions carefully and practice good oral hygiene while wearing braces.
If you experience any pain or discomfort while wearing braces, contact your orthodontist right away.